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DNA: Introduction to Genetic Genealogy
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PLEASE NOTE: There is a lot of interest in DNA and Forensic topics. Please read carefully before registering to take one of these courses. The DNA and Forensic courses offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies provide instruction on DNA methods as used in genealogical research. We recommend that students without the basic knowledge of genealogy methods and genealogical research should register in the Methodology - Part 1: Getting Started and Methodology Part 2 - Organizing and Skill-Building courses prior to registering for this course.

This course is a comprehensive introduction to genetic genealogy. The basics of DNA and genetic inheritance are explained in detail. The three main test types, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), Y chromosome DNA (YDNA), and autosomal DNA (atDNA) are explored as they relate to genealogy. This includes an overview of laboratory procedures for each kind of test, data interpretation techniques, database searching, match interpretation, and case studies for the three kinds of DNA testing. This course will include comparisons of tools and companies, as well as the genetic stories of famous people.

Course Content

Module 1
History of Genetics
Gregor Mendel
DNA vs. Protein
The Structure of DNA
Cell Biology
DNA For Genealogists

Module 2
Mitochondrial DNA
Overview of Mitochondrial DNA
mtDNA Case Study
mtDNA Haplogroups

Module 3
Y Chromosome DNA
Overview of Y Chromosome DNA
Y Chromosome DNA Case Study
YDNA Haplogroups
Identifying Mutations

Module 4
Autosomal DNA
Introduction to Autosomal DNA
CODIS Markers
Short Tandem Repeat Markers
SNPs For Genealogy
Biogeographical Analysis
Researching Native American Heritage
Finding Relatives

Module 5
Laboratory Methods
The Early Days
Sample Collection
DNA Extraction
DNA Amplification
Recipe for DNA Copies
DNA Analysis
Agarose Gel Electrophoresis
Capillary Electrophoresis
mtDNA Sequencing
Microarray Analysis
Next Generation Sequencing

Module 6
Testing Companies
Choosing a Testing Company
Choosing a YDNA STR Testing Company
Choosing a YDNA SNP Testing Company
Choosing a mtDNA Testing Company
Choosing an Autosomal DNA Testing Company
Family Tree DNA

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