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English: Occupations - Professions and Trades
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Many of the basic sources for family history such as civil registration, censuses, parish registers and wills will mention the occupations followed by your ancestors. This course looks first at the many ways of finding out what they did, then mentions generally useful sources. This is followed by a study of the classification of occupations. Sections on training & qualification in trades and professions allow us to profitably use the records generated therein. An understanding of the role of the various occupational associations is the next topic.

The bulk of the text consists of nine main groups of trades and professions. These are agriculture, building, commercial services, domestic services, fishing and whaling, manufacture, merchants and retailers, mining and quarrying, and professional activities. For each category there is an introduction to the available printed and manuscript sources regarding the nature of the various professions and trades, and then some indication of what records survive on the actual men and women engaged therein.

In a course of this size these descriptions have to be short but they endeavour to cover the main points of significance for the genealogist/family historian. Such brevity invites superficiality and glibness; however, it is offset by the inclusion of a significant body of reference material which should lead the student to more detailed information about each trade and profession.


Course Content

Module 1
Introduction
 
Finding Out What They Did
• The Sources
 
Directories
• Trade & Street Directories
• Telephone Directories
 
Dictionaries of Biography
 
All Kinds of Occupations
• Country Folk & Townspeople
• Bibliographies of Occupations
• Dictionaries of Occupations
• How Occupations Have Been Classified
• Multiple Occupations
 

Module 2
Training & Qualification
 
 The Apprenticeship System
• Trade Apprentices
• Finding Trade Indentures & Apprenticeships
 
 Poor & Charity Apprentices
• Poor Apprentice Indentures
• Charity Apprentice Indentures
 
 Licences to Practice
• Archbishops' & Bishops' Licences
• Quarter Sessions Licences
 
 Schools & Universities
 

Module 3
Associations
 
Guilds & Freemen
• Freemen, Burgesses & Citizens
• How To Discover The Company
 
Livery Companies of the City of London
• History of Livery Companies
• Activities of Livery Companies
• Membership of Livery Companies
• Records of Livery Companies
• Freedom of the City of London
 
Guilds Outside London
• Town & City Guilds
• Town & City Freemen
 
Professional Associations
• Trade Unions
 
On The Job
 
Children and Women at Work
• Opportunities for Women
 

Module 4
Agriculture
 
 Agricultural Labourers 
 Animal Husbandry 
 Crop Husbandry 
 Land & Machinery 
 Gardeners & Nurserymen 
 
Building
 
 Buildings 
 Building Trades 
 Other Building Projects 
 

Module 5
Commercial Service
 
Auctioning 
Cleaning Services 
General Labourers 
 
Domestic Service
 
Economic Contribution of Women 
 
Fishing & Whaling
 

Module 6
Manufacturing
 
Animal Products
Carts, Coaches, Wagons & Wheels
Chemicals, Gas & Fuel
Clocks, Watches, Eyeglasses & Jewellery
Clothing & Needlecraft
Earthenware
Food & Drink
Instruments & Toys
Machinery, Guns & Munitions
Metals
Paper, Printing & Bookbinding
Ship & Boat Building
Textiles
Tools & Sports Equipment
Wood & Plant Products
 

Module 7
Merchants & Retailers
 
Merchants
Retailers
Lodging, Eating & Coffee Houses
 
Mining & Quarrying
 
Mining
 

Module 8
Professional Occupations
 
Administration & Civil Servants 
Art & Amusement 
Education 
Law 
Medicine 
Religion 
Science & Engineering 
Sports 
 
Conclusion
 
 
 

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