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Australian: Convict Records
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A study of convict records includes some discussion of the British legal system and the conditions that led to convicts being transported to the colonies of Australia. Governments kept copious records at all stages of their control of the convicts and these provide more information about the convicts in Australia than for free settlers of the same period.

The passage of convicts through the legal system may be traced from their trials and imprisonment, transportation, the convict administration in the colonies, as well as their various assignments until the eventual end of their imprisonment (by death or freedom).

In addition, the course includes some records of the changing attitudes to convict heritage and the impact that has on the records that are available.

Module 1
Websites
Introduction
Where to Start?
Searching Tips

Remote Access to Records
  • Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness
  • Ancestry.com.au
  • FamilySearch Centers
  • The National Archives
  • Australian Joint Copying Project
  • Convicts to Australia
  • Convict Transportation Register Database

    Historical Background
  • British Penal Colony in Australia
  • Crimes
  • Luddites
  • Swing Rioters and Machine Breakers
  • Tolpuddle Martyrs
  • Chartists
  • Canadian Rebellions

    Legal Terms

    Module 2
    Trial and Transportation
    Websites
    Introduction

    Trial Records
  • Wales
  • Scotland
  • Ireland

    Newspapers
    Hulks
    Petitions and Pardons
    Transportation

    Module 3
    Life In An Australian Penal Colony
    Websites
    Introduction

    Colonial Secretaryís Correspondence
  • New South Wales
  • Tasmania
  • Western Australia

    Indents and Assignments
  • New South Wales
  • Tasmania
  • Western Australia

    Ancestry.com.au

    Musters and Censuses
  • New South Wales
  • 1828 Census on Ancestry.com
  • Tasmania
  • Western Australia

    Female Convicts

    Marriages and Families
  • New South Wales
  • Van Diemenís Land/Tasmania
  • Western Australia

    Children
  • New South Wales
  • Van Diemenís Land/Tasmania
  • Western Australia

    Bank Accounts
  • New South Wales
  • Van Diemenís Land/Tasmania
  • Western Australia

    Module 4
    Reoffending In The Penal Colonies
    Websites

    Colonial Offences
    Castle Hill Rebellion 1804

    Gazettes and Newspapers
    New South Wales Penal Settlements
    Newcastle Ė Coal River
    Port Macquarie
    Norfolk Island
    Moreton Bay Penal Establishment
    Port Phillip District
    Van Diemenís Land/Tasmania Penal Settlements
    Western Australian Penal Settlements
    South Australia

    Module 5
    Leaving The Convict System
    Websites
    Tickets of Leave
    Certificates of Freedom
    Pardons

    Deaths
  • New South Wales
  • Van Diemenís Land/Tasmania
  • Western Australia

    Escapes
    Convict-Aboriginal Relationships
    Exiles

    Departing Passengers
  • New South Wales
  • Van Diemenís Land/Tasmania
  • Victoria
  • Western Australia

    Module 6
    Convict Impact
    Websites
    Introduction
  • Mariners and Ships in Australian Waters

    Military
    Guards
    Changing Attitude to Convicts

    Other Sources of Convict Information
  • Australian Royalty
  • Biographical Dictionaries
  • Canberra History Web - Convicts
  • Claim A Convict
  • AUS-Tasmanian Genealogy Mailing List - Convict Ships List
  • Convict Trail: Caring for the Great North Road
  • Female Convicts Research Group (Tasmania)
  • Founders & Survivors
  • Tocal College - Tocalís Convicts 1822-1840
  • Genealogy from Gerringong - Westernport Settlement of 1826-28

    Suggested Reading
  • Books
  • Online Articles
  • Websites
  • NSW State Records

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