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Research: New Brunswick Ancestors
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The purpose of this course is to introduce students to New Brunswick, Canada and the wealth of genealogical material available for those searching for family roots in this province. The author assumes that you want to move beyond the begats and learn as much as you can about the life and times of the men and women you discover.

To that end we provide an introductory overview of the province, suggest repositories and methodologies for researching available resources, examine early settlement including the Loyalists, touch on vital records (birth, marriage and death), follow-up with later settlement patterns, and conclude with a selected resource list and bibliography.

This course assumes the student knows the basics of genealogical research and has some experience using common sources such as the census, vital records, church registers, land and probate documents, as well as a familiarity with forms and methods of recording family data. It also assumes a basic knowledge of how to use archives, libraries and the Internet.


Course Content

Module 1
Introduction To New Brunswick
Divided We Stand
• Some Terminology
 
A Divided Province
• Historical Divisions
• Political Divisions - Administrative
• Population Divisions
• Map 1: New Brunswick With Shield
• Map 2: Prehistoric Period
• Map 3: Saint John Harbour, 1761
• Language Divisions
• Religious Divisions
• Political Divisions - Personal
 
A Genealogical Divide
• Sources are Divided
• Secondary Sources
• Useful Reference Works
• Books & Bibliography
 
A Framework of Useful Dates
 
Geography & Water
• Wet Borders
• Water Highways
• Two Coasts
• Tides
• Marshlands
 
Townships, Counties & Parishes
• Gazetteers & Maps
• Place Names
• Maps - Topographical
• Maps - Historic
• Maps - On The Internet
 
New Brunswick Counties
• Map 4: Counties as of 1786
• Map 5: Counties as of 1827
• Map 6: Counties as of 1832
• Map 7: Counties as of 1838
• Map 8: Counties as of 1845
• Map 9: Counties as of 1850
• Map 10: Counties as of 1873-To Present
 
Transportation & Economics
• Distance & Time
• Rival Towns
• Distribution Point
• Shipbuilding
• Things Change
• The Stage-coach
• The First Railroads, c.1850
• The European & North American Railway
• Travel in 1867
• The Intercolonial Railway
• The Railway & The Moncton Shops
• CNRA Moncton
• A CPR Town
• Geographic Perceptions & Steam
• Changing Migrations Patterns
• Paved Roads
• Air Transportation
• Minerals & Mining
 

Module 2
Research Resources
OnLine Sources
• For Beginners
• County Guides
• Online Research
• Land Grant Databases
• Index to Land Petitions
• PANB Information Online
• Library and Archives of Canada Online
• ArchiviaNet
• Library and Archives Canada General Inventory
• Post Offices & Postmasters
• Library Catalogues
• Census Basics
• Unique New Brunswick Census Information
 
Research Resources for New Brunswick
 
Library Resources
• Other Regional Libraries
 
County Historical Societies & Museums
Resources Outside the Province
 
Secondary Sources
• Where To Start?
• Bibliographies
• The First History
• Gentlemen Scholars & Some Ladies Too
• Variations On A Theme
• The Bluestocking Brigade
• And A Publisher
• The Next Generation
• Political & Social Histories
• Local Historians
• Journalists As Historians
• So Many Writers
• What's to Come
• Material Culture & History
 
Newspapers & Magazines
• Time Travel Made Easy
• Newspapers Have Family Trees
• Finding Who Has Them
• Indexes
• Bless Daniel Johnson
• What is Indexed?
 
Read It For Yourself
• Early New Brunswick Newspapers
• Which Paper Did Your Folks Read?
• French-language Newspapers
• Magazines & Periodicals
• Current Publications
 

Module 3
Early Settlement
Some Terminology
 
Early Comers
• The Atlantic Realm
• The Acadian Era
 
Early Census—type Records
• Town Record Books
 
Planter Studies
• Types of Settlement
 
Specific Sources
• The Lower St. John River
• Planter Townships in Chignecto
• The Yorkshire Emigration
• Passenger Lists 1773-1774
• Moncton, Hillsborough, Hopewell
• Passamoquoddy Bay Area
• The Mirimichi & Davidson Settlers
• Restigouche River
• Use AMICUS
• Map 11: Townships Along The St. John River
• Map 12: Townships In Chigecto Isthmus
• A Cautionary Tale
 
Loyalists
• The Revolution Ends 1776-1783
• The Boat People Arrive
• Lists of Loyalists
• Passamaquoddy
• Saint John County
• Saint John River Valley
• Other Sources
• Survey of Settlement 1785
• Daniel Michaud
 
The Loyalist Collection
• Revisionist History?
 
Hatched, Matched, Dispatched
Vital Records of New Brunswick Government
• Some Defining Dates
• Provincial Registration of Vital Statistics
• 1920 To The Present
• Accessible Records
• 1920 to 50 Years Ago
• 1888 to 1920
• Divorce Records
• Before 1810
• Nova Scotia 1763-1784
 
Church Records of Vital Statistics
• Who Keeps Church Records
• In New Brunswick
• Microfilmed Records
• What to Expect
 
Birth & Baptism
• Roman Catholic
• Anglican
• United Church of Canada
• Baptist & Newlight Baptist
 
Marriage
• Check the Drouin & Loiselle Indexes
 
Deaths
• Death Date-Newspaper-Obituary
• Religious Archives
 
Graveyard & Burial Records
• Some Terminology
• Cemeteries
• Know Which is Which
• Cemetery Transcripts
• Has It Been Done?
 
Funeral Home & Undertaker's Records
Church Histories
 

Module 4
Colony To Canada
19th Century Settlement
• After The Loyalists
• Timber Colony
• After Waterloo - June 18, 1815
• Liverpool
• Where Did They Come From?
 
Other Regions, Other Settlers
• Upper Saint John River & North-West New Brunswick
• Soldier Settlements
• Madawaska
• North East New Brunswick & The Gulf
• Travel By Boat
• Kent County - Between Mirimichi & Westmorland
 
The Irish in New Brunswick
• On The Mirimichi
• Single Adult Males
• Irishtown
• Irish Famine Database
• Other Scattered Sources
• A Mirimichi Resource
 
Blacks In New Brunswick
• Slavery
• 19th Century
• Everyone Knows But You
 
Aboriginal Ancestry?
• Reserves
• Proving It
• Status Isn't Everything
• Church Registers
• Other Sources
 
The Military
• Some Terminology
• British Military & Local Militia
• Universal Compulsory Service
• British Garrisons
• Military "C" Index
• Captain?
• J.P.s, M.P.P.s & V.I.P.s
• M.P.P. or M.L.A.
• J.P.s
• Sirs, Lords & Ladies
• Sorry, She's Not a Lady!
 
The First Jews in New Brunswick
• Saint John
• Moncton
 
Other Records To Search
Land Records
• Some Terminology
• The Land Grant Process
• Searchable Databases
• Nova Scotia, 1763-1784
• Brunswick After August 1784
• 1783-1918
• Land Grantbooks
• Land Transfers After The First Grant
• Cadastral Maps
• County Maps & Atlases
• At Library and Archives Canada
 
Legal Records
• Some Terminology
• Probate Records (RG7)
• Wills & Administrations
• Law & Order
• Township Books
• Records of the Inferior Courts (RG8)
• Courts of Quarter Session or General Sessions of the Peace (RG8)
• Other Inferior Courts
• Records of the Intermediate Courts (RG6)
• Records of the Superior Courts (RG5)
• Courts of Equity
• Supreme Court
• Other Records of the Department of Justice
• Newly Released Records
 
Government of Canada Records
• Library and Archives Canada
• Libraries Galore
• Federal Records
• London & Paris
• MG9 - Provincial, Local and Territorial Records
• MG9A - New Brunswick Records
• Visual Records
• Census & Directories
• Voters Lists
• What's Not At Library and Archives Canada
• National Registration Records
 
19th Century Demographics
Outmigration
• The Genealogical Divide
• Some Stay Put - Some Go
• Survival & Subsistence
• Those Who Go
• Where Did They Go?
• Strays
• Strays Projects
• Gone Out West?
• Women Left Too
• Those Who Stayed
• Sources: Biographical Dictionaries
• PANB Website
• Census 1851-1901
• Local Secondary Sources
• Business Histories
• Historic Homes
• Visual Records
 
Education & Its Records
• Archives & Records
• Public Schools
 
The Language Divide
• Private Schools
• Universities - Timelines
• The Arts in New Brunswick
 
Shipbuilding & Shipowners
• Shipping Registers
• A Selective Database
• Crew Agreements - A Sample Only
• Women's Lives
 
Riots & Disasters
• Overlooked Sources
• Orange Riots
• The Mirimichi Fire 1825
• Expect Changes
• The Great Saint John Fire 1877
 
Useful Addresses
• Archives
• Libraries
• Genealogical Society
• Religious
• Roman Catholic Diocese in New Brunswick
• Special Studies
• Sources of Books, Publishers
 
Bibliography for Genealogy
• General Reference Works
• Bibliographies, Catalogues, Etc.
• Biographies & Directories
• New Brunswick Reference Works
• New Brunswick: Ships & Shipbuilding
• Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
• Genealogy & Methodology
• Military & Militia
 
 

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