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English: Court Records-Criminal, Civil & Ecclesiastical
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This course deals with records of use to genealogists and family historians from the many English courts that controlled our ancestors'' lives. The former importance of ecclesiastical courts is emphasized. Civil ones comprising manor courts, petty, borough and quarter sessions as well as chancery and exchequer courts are covered. Criminal assizes and records of prisoners & convicts, gaols & transportation are discussed. The availability of original records and indexes to the researcher situated anywhere in the world and their relevance to genealogical investigations is explained.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Module 1

Ecclesiastical Courts
Ecclesiastical Causes
Appointments & Dismissals

Behaviour
  • Brawling in Consecrated Precincts
  • Laying violent hands on a clergyman
  • Blasphemy
  • Defamation
  • Contumacy
  • Perjury

    Discipline of Clergy

    Dispensations
  • Plural Benefices
  • Unbeneficed Clergy
  • Ordination of Illegitimates
  • Eating Meat During Lent
  • Marriage Within Degrees

    Immorality
  • Incest
  • Bigamy
  • Incontinence
  • Adultery
  • Fornication
  • Illegitimacy

    Licenses & Degrees
  • Conferring Degrees
  • Faculties
  • Marriage Licences
  • Licences for Parochial Positions
  • Professional Licences
  • Registration of Dissenters'' Meeting Houses

    Matrimonial Causes
  • Annulment
  • Separation & Divorce
  • Validity of Marriage
  • Legitimacy of Children

    Nonconformity & Heresy
  • Sabbath Breaking
  • Recusants, Schismatics & Nonconformists
  • Heresy

    Parish Boundaries
    Probate
    Sequestration
    Tithes
    Usury
    Witchcraft & Sorcery

    Module 2
    Church Hierarchy & Courts
    Archidiaconal Courts

    Diocesan Courts

    Provincial Church Courts
  • The Province of York
  • The Province of Canterbury
  • Chancery Court of York

    High Court of Delegates
    Peculiars & Donatives
    Doctors'' Commons

    Procedures & Records
  • Ecclesiastical Visitations
  • Articles of Enquiry

    Churchwardens'' Presentments

    Cause Procedures
  • Non-Judicial Business
  • Civil Suits (or Instance Cases)
  • Criminal Suits (or Office Cases)
  • Plenary Court Procedure
  • Summary Court Procedure
  • A Temerary Administration

    Sentences
  • Sentences for Laity and Clergy
  • Citation for Private Penance
  • Sentences for Clergy Only
  • Location of Records, Calendars & Indexes

    Module 3
    Civil Courts
    Civil Court Officials

    Civil Court Proceedings
  • Depositions

    Early Civil Courts
  • Hundred Courts
  • Sheriff''s Tourn
  • Shire/County Courts
  • Court of Hustings

    Manor Courts

    Petty, Borough & Quarter Sessions
  • Petty Sessions
  • Borough Sessions

    Quarter Sessions
  • County Administration
  • Judicial Cases

    Sessions Cases
  • Apprentices
  • Bastardy
  • Constables
  • Coroners'' Inquests
  • Gaols
  • Licencing & Excise Law Enforcement
  • Matrimonial Cases
  • Militia
  • Misdemeanours
  • Nuisances
  • Parish Officers
  • Roads & Bridges
  • Settlements & Removals
  • Petty Sessions Settlement Exams
  • Taxation
  • Theft
  • Trade Regulation

    Module 4
    Some Civil Causes/Suits
    Bankrupts & Debtors
    Defamation
    Divorce
    Escheats & Unclaimed Monies

    Special Courts
  • Courts of Commissioners of Sewers
  • Court of Gaol Delivery
  • Court of Orphans
  • Court of Requests 1485-1642
  • Fire Court
  • Forest Courts
  • Guild Courts
  • High Court of Admiralty
  • London Courts
  • Mining Courts
  • Pie Powder (Market) Courts
  • Staple Courts

    Common Law Appellate Courts
  • Curia Regis
  • King''s or Queen''s Bench
  • Court of Common Pleas
  • Newspaper Report of Case at Court of Common Pleas
  • Star Chamber
  • Palatinate & Duchy Courts

    Chancery (Equity) Court
  • Equity
  • Chancery Procedure

    Calendars & Indexes
  • Early Efforts
  • Sherwood Index
  • Bernau Index
  • Online Equity Database

    Funds in Chancery

    Chancery Office Records
  • Close Rolls
  • Patent Rolls
  • Charter Rolls
  • Fine Rolls
  • Parliament Rolls

    Revenue Courts with Equity Proceedings
  • Exchequer
  • Court of Augmentations
  • Court of First Fruits & Tenths
  • Court of Wards & Liveries

    19th & 20th Century Changes
  • 1858 New Divorce & Probate Courts
  • 1873-1875 High Court of Justice

    Module 5
    Criminal Courts

    Assize Courts
  • Assize Circuits & Special Jurisdictions
  • The General Eyre
  • Commission of Oyer and Terminer
  • Possessory Assizes
  • Grand Assize
  • Bloody Assizes
  • Records of Assizes

    Central Criminal Court (Old Bailey)
    Court of Criminal Appeal

    Prisoners & Punishments
    Nefarious Activities
  • Beggars
  • Bigamists
  • Counterfeiters
  • Drunkards
  • Embezzlers
  • Forgers
  • Highwaymen
  • Murderers
  • Pirates
  • Poachers
  • Prostitutes
  • Reivers
  • Slave Traders
  • Smugglers
  • Thieves
  • Treason

    Punishments
  • Imprisonment
  • Execution & Hanging
  • Transportation
  • Young Offenders

    Records of Prisoners & Convicts
  • Gaol Calendars
  • Prison Registers
  • Criminal Registers
  • Petitions for Mercy

    Conclusion
    References
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