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English/Scottish: Occupations - Military and Services
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Family history is more than just collecting names, dates and places. In their efforts to recreate the lives of their ancestors diligent researchers will endeavour to find details about home, schooling, work and community. They will search for pictures of people, places and events connected to the family to give visual impact to the history. The family historian can also discover much about the occupations of these ancestors.

This course describes those termed Services, whilst the companion course English: Occupations-Professions and Trades deals with other methods of earning a livelihood. The extensive material on the occupations and on individuals is waiting to be used in archives, libraries and Family History Centers. This course will help you learn what material is available and how to use this material to help you recreate the lives of your ancestors.

English: Occupations-Services will deal with the use of army, militia, navy, merchant marine and many other services records in genealogy. These include police, customs & excise, railways, and post office employees. Background information on each service will be included with copious references for further study. Listings and examples of the major record types for each branch will be included. The student will be well prepared to launch into researching these occupational records.

COURSE CONTENT
WEEK 1

Introduction

  • The Defence of the Country
  • General Military Records

    Army Organization
  • Army Regiments
  • Regiments of the British Army as of 1881
  • How to Determine the Regiment
  • Infantry Organization
  • Cavalry Organization
  • Royal Artillery Organization
  • Royal Engineers Organization
  • Army Ranks
  • Main Army Ranks

    WEEK 2

    Army History
  • Army Records for Family History
  • Comparison of FHLC Lists of Military Records for Great Britain & England
  • Records of all Personnel
  • Civil Registration Overseas Indexes
  • Overseas Military Birth Indexes
  • Regimental Births 1761-1924
  • Overseas Military Marriage Indexes
  • Army Marriages 1881-1955
  • Overseas Military Death Indexes
  • War Deaths other Ranks 1914-1921
  • Medals & Awards
  • Prisoners of War
  • Records of Women in the Army
  • Records of Officers
  • Transfer of Commissions
  • Service Records
  • Pension Application by Officer''s Widow
  • Application for Back Pay
  • Certificate of Death on Battlefield
  • Medical Certificate
  • Records of Other Ranks
  • Soldiers in WO 97 Index
  • Soldiers Documents WO 97
  • Examination of Invalid Soldier
  • Handbill Offering Reward for Deserter
  • Deserter''s Protecting Certificate
  • A Recruitment Poster
  • First World War Records
  • Films of the Burnt Documents
  • Records after World War I
  • Post-WWI Service Record
  • Records of Royal Artillery WO 69
  • Records of Royal Engineers
  • Records of Ancillary Services
  • Military Hospitals, Institutes & Schools
  • Hospitals
  • Institutes or Academies
  • Further Sources
  • Illustrating Your Army Ancestry

    WEEK 3

    Royal Marines
  • Duties of the Royal Marines
  • History of the Royal Marines
  • Royal Marines Records for Family History
  • Records of Officers
  • Records of Other Ranks
  • Muster Roll for Royal Marines on Board HMS Bellerophon

    History of the Militia
  • Types of Militia Forces
  • Men Exempt from Militia
  • Recruitment Poster c.1800
  • Militia Records for Family History
  • Militia Lists
  • Militia Officers'' Records
  • Militia Officer''s Record in WO 76/451
  • Militiamen''s Records
  • Militia Call-Up Paper 1803
  • Payment for Substitute
  • Certificate of Provision of Substitute
  • Militiaman in WO 97 Index
  • Muster Rolls
  • Parish Poor Law Records
  • Order to Support a Militia Wife
  • Payment of Support to Militiaman''s Wife

    WEEK 4

    East India Company & Colonial Regiments
  • History of the East India Company
  • East India Company Records
  • Records of Service in India
  • Army Lists
  • Bengal Army List 1794 Extract
  • Bengal Army List 1791 Extract
  • Bengal Army List 1787 Extract
  • Purchase of Ensign Commission
  • Discharge List from Indian Army
  • 1861 Discharge List Extracts Film 1867205
  • Bengal Ecclesiastical Returns
  • India Office List for 1886 Extracts Fiche 6028163
  • Colonial regiments
  • Australia
  • North America

    WEEK 5

    Royal Air Force
  • History of the Royal Air Force
  • Royal Air Force Organization
  • Royal Air Force Organization
  • RAF Commands in War & Peace
  • Royal Air Force Records
  • Officers
  • Other Ranks
  • Fleet Air Arm Records
  • Miscellaneous

    Royal Navy
  • History of Royal Navy
  • Organization of Royal Navy
  • Officers Commissioned by the Admiralty
  • Royal Navy Records
  • Civil Records
  • Maritime Birth Indexes
  • Maritime Marriage Indexes
  • Maritime Death Indexes
  • Census Records
  • Church Records
  • Naval Records
  • Records of Royal Navy Commissioned Officers
  • Royal Navy Commissioned Officers Records
  • Lieutenants Passing Certificates
  • Lieutenant''s Passing Certificate
  • Commissioned Officers'' Service Registers
  • Records of Warrant Officers
  • Warrant Officers'' Passing Certificates
  • Royal Navy Records for Warrant Officers
  • Warrant Officers'' Service Registers
  • Royal Navy Records for Ratings
  • Ships'' Musters
  • Extract from Ship''s Muster Roll of the Victory (1805)
  • Records Useful for all Sailors
  • Navy Pensioners & Sailors'' Widows & Orphans
  • Chatham Chest
  • Trinity House Petitions
  • Royal Bounty
  • Royal Bounty List
  • Naval Wills
  • Miscellaneous Units
  • HEICS Navy
  • Sea Fencibles
  • Dockyard workers
  • Reserve Forces
  • Nautical Training Schools
  • Women in the Royal Navy
  • Bringing Your Navy Ancestors to Life
  • Naval Newspaper Advertisements
  • Naval Museums & Libraries
  • Societies

    WEEK 6

    Water Transport Services

    Merchant Marine
  • Shipping
  • Lloyd''s Register of Shipping
  • Shipping Gazette & Lloyd''s List
  • Lloyd''s War Losses
  • Mercantile Navy List
  • Registers of Ships
  • Civil Registration for Ships
  • Births, Marriages & Deaths at Sea
  • Census Records for Ships
  • Census Shipping Schedule 1871
  • Certificates of Competency & Service
  • Masters'' & Mates'' Certificates
  • Engineers'' Certificates
  • Application for Master Mariner''s Certificate
  • Master Mariner''s Certificate
  • Lloyd''s Captains'' Register
  • Seamen
  • Registers of Seamen
  • Registers of Seamen 1835-1972
  • Agreements, Crew Lists & Muster Rolls
  • Log Books
  • Pensions
  • East India Company Merchant Records
  • Passenger Lists
  • Miscellaneous Records
  • Illustrating Your Seaman''s History

    Inland Waterways
  • Definitions
  • Records of Watermen & Lightermen
  • History of Canals
  • Life & Records of Canal Boatmen

    WEEK 7

    Communication Services
  • Road Transportation
  • Drovers
  • Carters, Carriers & Carmen
  • Coachmen
  • Railways
  • History of the Railways
  • Railway Employees
  • Railway Records
  • Post Office
  • History of the Post Office
  • Post Office Archives
  • Postal Employees & Their Records
  • Pensions & Gratuities
  • Appointment Books
  • Establishment Books & Lists of Principal Officers
  • Postmasters & Subpostmasters
  • Packet Boat Agents & Captains
  • Letter Carriers, Postmen & Postwomen
  • Clerks

    WEEK 8

    Law & Order, Fire & Rescue Services
  • Police
  • History of Police
  • Parish Constables
  • Development of the Police Force
  • Policemen''s Records
  • Records of Constables
  • Metropolitan Police
  • Borough Police
  • County Constabularies
  • General Records
  • Fire Services
  • Customs, Excise, & Coastguard
  • History of Customs & Excise
  • Records of Customs & Excise
  • Customs Records
  • Excise Records
  • Sacrament Certificate for Customs Officer 1673
  • History of the Coastguard
  • Records of the Coastguard
  • Lifeboats & Lighthouses
  • Lifeboat Service
  • Lighthouses

    Appendix I - Useful Addresses

    Appendix II - Indexes

    Further Courses and Reading

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